Open education

What makes educational practice ‘open’?

Sorry we're open

In open education discourse, there’s been a shift from open educational resources to open educational practices. But what does ‘open educational practices’ mean?

You can tell a resource is open because it‘s been openly licensed (allowing use and adaptation) but how can you tell if a practice is open?

The readings, selected by Leo Havemann, interrogate the concept of ‘openness’. We often use the term ‘open’ as if its meaning is clear although its meanings are various and potentially contradictory. Here we treat instances of open as a question, a prompt which should make us ask : open how? open to whom? open for what?


Havemann, Leo (2016) Open educational resources. In: Peters, M.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory.Singapore: Springer Singapore.

Peter, S. & Deimann, M. (2013). On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction. Open Praxis, 5(1), 7-14.

Further reading

Bali, Maha (2017) Curation of Posts on Open Pedagogy #YearOfOpen,

Cronin, C., & MacLaren, I. (2018). Conceptualising OEP: A review of theoretical and empirical literature in Open Educational Practices. Open Praxis10(2), 127–143.

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